NASA is all set to hunt for water to the South Pole of the Moon. US space has announced that a new mobile robot will be sent for this experiment. The rover will check the Moon’s soil environments- Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER), for evidence of water and ice. The space agency said on Friday that the machine which will be sent for this hunt would collect data for 100 days, and the first global water resource maps of the Moon will be made. According to scientists, the lunar pole is a convenient place to search for water and ice, which could be used in the future to provide oxygen for breathing and hydrogen and oxygen at the same time for rocket fuel purposes.
In the year 2009, NASA had detected the presence of water ice when a rocket got crashed into a large crater near the South Pole. NASA believes that the Moon has got reservoirs that might amount to millions of tons of water and ice. Scientific instruments like a one-meter drill, neutron spectrometer system, apparatus that can detect the presence of hydrogen – Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) will help the scientists to study the location of water and other resources present on the lunar surface and can thus plan to extract it.
Daniel Andrew said, “The key to living on the Moon is water — the same as here on Earth.” At NASA’s Ames Research Center in Silicon Valley, the project manager of the VIPER mission and director of engineering stated that. “Since the confirmation of lunar water-ice ten years ago, the question now is if the Moon could contain the amount of resources we need to live off-world. This rover will help us answer the many questions we have about where the water is and how much it is for us to use.” On December 2022, the vehicle, which is due to land on the lunar surface, will land and find out the presence of water there. NASA has said that it aims to “achieve a long-term sustainable presence on the Moon — enabling humans to go on to Mars and beyond.”